The Steering System allows the operator to navigate and turn the vehicle along the road as desired. The basic aim of steering is to ensure that the wheels are pointing in the desired direction turning steering wheel towards left or right.
The steering mechanism functions to change the rotary movement of the steering wheel into straight-line motion. The steering mechanism leverage and multiples driver effort making steering Vehicle wheels easier, it also absorbs road vibrations and prevents them from getting transmitted to driver hands.
The Steering System achieves its purpose as mentioned in Para 1 and 2 above through different types of mechanical linkages.
Basic types of Steering linkages with parts:
Rack and Pinion Linkage, Parallel Steering Linkage & Axle Beam Steering Linkage are some of different type of Automotive Steering Linkages.
Common Steering Parts are:-
Steering Wheel, Steering Column, Steering Gear, Pinion Gear, Rack Ends, Inner Ball Joints, outer ball Joints, Tie Rod Ends, Suspension Ball Joints, Spindle, Pitman Arm, Centre Link, Sleeve Assembly, Steering Arm, Idler Arm, Upper Universal Joints, Link Shaft, Lower Universal Joints, Steering Box, Axle Beam, Drop Arm, Drag Link, Drag Link Arm, King pin, Track Rod Ends, Track Rod Joints, Track Rod, Spring, Steering Damper and Wheels.