The Tie Rod Ends are a part of the steering mechanism and consist of an inner and outer end. The Tie Rod Ends transmits force from the steering center link or rack gear to the steering knuckle, causing the wheel to turn; Tie Rod Ends exist in pairs on every tire. This allows for cornering and angling of the tire without causing too much torque on the wheel no matter how deep the turn.
The Tie Rod End helps in creating banking in the tire and allowing for accurate turning with deeper turning radius. It is impossible to steer a Vehicle safely with broken tie rod ends. The tie rod ends attach to the top and bottom of a tire and keep it secured to the rest of the frame of the vehicle, making it easy to handle the Vehicle with finely tuned changes in direction.
The Outer Tie Rod End is connected to an adjusting sleeve, which allows the length of the Tie Rod to be adjusted. This adjustment is used for setting alignment angle of front end alignment, enhancing tire life. If Tie Rod Ends wear, they can break, wrap or bend. It become loose and can develop excessive slack, or play, which can be felt in the steering and handling of the vehicle. Defective Tie Rod Ends can create front end alignment, excessive tire wear and front suspension problems.
Defective Tie Rod Ends lead to uneven tire wear, squeaking noises, shaking, looseness, wandering erratic feel while steering the Vehicle and complaint of its pulling to one side of road. So, Tie Rod Ends should be regularly inspected during maintenance.
The Steering System allows the operator to navigate and turn the vehicle along the road as desired. The basic aim of steering is to ensure that the wheels are pointing in the desired direction turning steering wheel towards left or right.
The steering mechanism functions to change the rotary movement of the steering wheel into straight-line motion. The steering mechanism leverage and multiples driver effort making steering Vehicle wheels easier, it also absorbs road vibrations and prevents them from getting transmitted to driver hands.
The Steering System achieves its purpose as mentioned in Para 1 and 2 above through different types of mechanical linkages.
Basic types of Steering linkages with parts:
Rack and Pinion Linkage, Parallel Steering Linkage & Axle Beam Steering Linkage are some of different type of Automotive Steering Linkages.
Common Steering Parts are:-
Steering Wheel, Steering Column, Steering Gear, Pinion Gear, Rack Ends, Inner Ball Joints, outer ball Joints, Tie Rod Ends, Suspension Ball Joints, Spindle, Pitman Arm, Centre Link, Sleeve Assembly, Steering Arm, Idler Arm, Upper Universal Joints, Link Shaft, Lower Universal Joints, Steering Box, Axle Beam, Drop Arm, Drag Link, Drag Link Arm, King pin, Track Rod Ends, Track Rod Joints, Track Rod, Spring, Steering Damper and Wheels.
Stabilizer links act as link connecting to other parts of Vehicle that take much of the punishment as it passes over pot holes, bumps and other road imperfections. The stabilizer bar holds pairs of wheels connected, while stabilizer links hook this larger piece with arms that go up to the wheels themselves. Ball joint connections enable turning and moving suspension during travel.
While travelling on and bumpy roads full of, suspension needs to withstand shocks, so Stabilizer links employ cast iron, steel and alloy in their construction.
Defective Stabilizer Links affect steering, ride and fuel efficiency. Symptoms include a creaking or screeching noise, as Vehicle pass over the road imperfections, wobbling, skip and “dead zones” in steering. Broken stabilizer links can lead to loss of Steering control and Body Roll.
Most have at least one ball joint for connecting with adjacent suspension components. A minority of stabilizer links lack ball joints altogether. Japanese and European car makers often employ this flat type
Atek World Pitman Arms
The Pitman arm is a steering component in an automobile or truck. As a linkage attached to the steering box sector shaft and acts as a lever, it converts the angular motion of the sector shaft into the linear motion needed to steer the wheels.
The Pitman Arm, also called steering arm, links the steering box at the bottom of the steering wheel shaft to the track rod which is attached at the other end to the idler arm. When the steering wheel is turned left or right, a worm gear at the bottom of the steering shaft turns a set of teeth. That action moves a gear that activates the Pitman Arm, causing the steering linkage to move the wheels.
Both the idler arm and the Pitman Arm are used on vehicles with conventional suspension systems and parallelogram steering. Rear-wheel-drive vehicles and most light trucks are the vehicles on which this suspension system and parallelogram steering are used. The Pitman arm is the main player whereas the idler arm is a pivoting support for the steering linkage
A properly functioning pitman arm precisely directs the movement of all the other steering links, limiting wheel wobble on bumpy surfaces, allowing full wheel turning radius and helps to reduce steering wheel vibration.
Atek World Idler Arms Auto Parts
The Idler Arm is used on an independent front suspension to get the steering geometry to match up with the suspension geometry. It’s like a dummy pitman arm on the opposite side of the truck to provide pivoting support to the Steering Linkage. Usually, there is a link from the pitman arm to the Idler Arm then two smaller links dropping down off that link to the steering knuckles, in absence of an Idler Arm setup on an independent front suspension; it would cause the tires to toe in and out as the suspension cycles.
The Idler Arm consists of a bracket, an arm that connects the bracket to the centre link of the steering linkage, and an internal pivot bearing. Some vehicles also use two Idler Arms
Both the Idler Arm and the Pitman Arm are used on light trucks and rear wheel drive vehicles, with conventional suspension systems, and parallelogram steering.
Together, an Idler Arm and Pitman Arm rotate in unison while keeping the center link parallel to the ground. An Idler Arm works with the pitman arm and steering box. Its purpose is to keep the center link traveling in a smooth arc in the act of steering.
Defective and worn Idler Arm, result in tire edge wear, loose or erratic steering, and wandering of the tires and vehicle. When Idler Arm is worn steering wheel will move by few inches or more from side to side without turning the wheels at all or would will staggering to the left or right when you go over a bump.
Atek World Drag Links Auto parts Manufacturer
A Drag Link is a Steering gear link that converts rotation of a Pitman Arm to a Steering Arm and finally to the Tie Rod Links, which pivots the wheels to be steered. The drag link converts the sweeping arc of the steering arm to linear motion in the plane of the other steering links.
The drag link is the element that keeps both two front wheels in line.
Drag Link one end is connected to the Pitman Arm, steering gearbox to the steering wheel, the other end is attached to the steering linkage, to the steering arm.
In some Vehicles, the Drag Link swings from the front to the rear of the vehicle. In them the Drag Link connects to the steering arm located at the wheel. In some Vehicles, the Drag Link will swing from right to left, and will connect to the steering arm at the wheel. Drag links can be a solid one-piece construction or an adjustable design. Many Drag Links have replaceable or rebuild able ends.