The Tie Rod Ends are a part of the steering mechanism and consist of an inner and outer end. The Tie Rod Ends transmits force from the steering center link or rack gear to the steering knuckle, causing the wheel to turn; Tie Rod Ends exist in pairs on every tire. This allows for cornering and angling of the tire without causing too much torque on the wheel no matter how deep the turn.
The Tie Rod End helps in creating banking in the tire and allowing for accurate turning with deeper turning radius. It is impossible to steer a Vehicle safely with broken tie rod ends. The tie rod ends attach to the top and bottom of a tire and keep it secured to the rest of the frame of the vehicle, making it easy to handle the Vehicle with finely tuned changes in direction.
The Outer Tie Rod End is connected to an adjusting sleeve, which allows the length of the Tie Rod to be adjusted. This adjustment is used for setting alignment angle of front end alignment, enhancing tire life. If Tie Rod Ends wear, they can break, wrap or bend. It become loose and can develop excessive slack, or play, which can be felt in the steering and handling of the vehicle. Defective Tie Rod Ends can create front end alignment, excessive tire wear and front suspension problems.
Defective Tie Rod Ends lead to uneven tire wear, squeaking noises, shaking, looseness, wandering erratic feel while steering the Vehicle and complaint of its pulling to one side of road. So, Tie Rod Ends should be regularly inspected during maintenance.